In 762 AD the city of Baghdad was founded. Almost a millennium later and half a world away the city of Baltimore Maryland was founded. In 1945 the USS Indianapolis was torpedoed by a Japanese sub while heading for the Philippines after having just left the island of Tinian where it had delivered the uranium and other materials for Little Boy, the 2nd atomic bomb that was subsequently dropped on Nagasaki on August 9th.

In 1956 a joint Congressional resolution was signed by President Eisenhower to change the US national motto to “In God We Trust” from the previous “E Pluribus Unum” (out of many one). And in 1965 President LBJ signed the Social Security Act of 1965, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.

Some notable birthday babies for this date include English novelist and poet Emily Bronte (1818), American automaker Henry Ford (1863), chef and producer Alton Brown (1962), American director, producer, and screenwriter Christopher Nolan (1970) responsible for the current hit Oppenheimer, and actress Hilary Swank (1974).

Those who left us on this date include Pennsylvania founder William Penn (1718), father of Mexican independence Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla (1811), leader of the failed last charge at Gettysburg, General George Pickett (1845), the Iron Chancellor – 1st Chancellor of Germany, Otto von Bismarck (1898), and the incomparable Nichelle Nichols (2022) Uhura of Star Trek.