In 1613 the Globe Theater, established by Shakespeare and his theater troop, burned to the ground. It had been built in 1599 and was quickly rebuilt after the fire and operated until 1642 when the theatres of London closed due to Parliament restrictions. In 1956, President Eisenhower signed the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, officially creating the US Interstate Highways System. In 1974 while on tour with the Kirov Ballet Mikhail Baryshnikov defected from the USSR to Canada. And in 2007 Apple introduced the first I-phone.

The inventor of the propeller, Czech- American inventor Josef Ressel was born in 1793, as was the co-designer of the Panama Canal, George Washington Goethals, in 1858. The co-founder of the Mayo Clinic, William James Mayo, was born in 1861. While this date was also the birthdate for American historian and author John Toland (1912), nuke riding cowboy actor Slim Pickins (1919) from Dr. Strangelove, Minnesota great baseball star Harmon Killebrew (1938), and activist Stokely Carmichael (1941).

This date marked the passing of American orator and Senator Henry Clay (1852), English poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1861), and Polish pianist and composer Ignacy Jan Paderwiski (1941). It also marked the end for actor Bob Crane (1978 Hogan’s Heroes), and actresses Rosemary Clooney (2002) and Katherine Hepburn (2003).